Cardiff University

Founded in 1883, Cardiff University is established as one of Britain's leading research universities.

Ranked 5th amongst UK universities in the 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF) based on quality, is a member of the Russell Group, a group of 24 leading UK research intensive universities and include two Nobel Prize winners.

Cardiff University are the 8th largest university in the UK in terms of student numbers with over 31,000 students, from over 100 countries.

Cardiff University School of Engineering

Conducting research and advancing knowledge across a wide range of disciplines. Working with industrial partners and other organisations, researchers at Cardiff are leading cutting-edge projects that have numerous practical applications.

Centre for Research into Energy, Waste and the Environment

Generating and supplying clean, renewable energy and creating a sustainable environment lie at the heart of the research being carried out in the School of Engineering. The Centre has a team of 9 academics with multidisciplinary research expertise. The Centre’s focus is to provide efficient, reliable heat and power generation, whilst moving towards a lower carbon economy. Housed within the Centre is the Gas Turbine Research Centre (GTRC) and the Cardiff Marine Energy Research Group (CMERG).

Research work involves mitigating the effect of carbon-based heat and power generation (coal, gas, oil) systems, for example, through carbon capture technologies, while developing and improving the efficiency of renewable power sources such as biomass, marine power and solar power.

The utilisation of traditional fuels and the introduction of new energy technologies require careful management of the various risks and hazards posed. Whilst energy may be considered on a supply/demand basis, this needs to be controlled by a systematic (management) process.

Cardiff Marine Energy Research Group, CMERG

Tidal stream turbine technology is currently at the full scale prototype phase with much of the technology adapted from the wind industry. The challenges that face this emerging technology are complicated by the medium in which they operate. Higher structural loading and the addition of biological fouling from marine life with increased material corrosion from salts are just some of the operational issues. Tidal stream turbines are therefore required to possess a higher degree of robustness than wind turbines, with the ability to operate with limited maintenance schedules while limiting embedded CO2 associated with manufacture, installation, decommissioning and shore-to-site transportation. To address some of the tidal stream issues, research is being conducted by the Cardiff Marine Energy Research Group (CMERG) making key contributions to an emerging UK tidal stream industry.

CMERG has secured significant project funding from EPSRC and industry over the years and is part of The Tidal Energy Research Group which is based within the Cardiff School of Engineering and is part of Cardiff’s Energy and Environment theme. The group conducts research in to clean, renewable energy generation from tidal flows and has a variety of active research projects encompassing four main themes:

  • Hydrodynamic modelling – single and array of devices; blade design, turbulence modelling, wake modelling, turbine design for low water velocities.
  • FEA and FSI modelling – blade/stanchion interaction, Dynamic loading and Fatigue
  • Condition monitoring – development of robust condition monitoring techniques
  • Experimental testing – developed, manufactured laboratory scale turbines for individual and array testing, up to 1m diameter instrumented turbines, individual blade loading measurements, drive shaft torque, thrust measurements, generator V&I measurement, stanchion load measurement.

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

This project has received funding from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council under grant agreement EP/P026109/1